Type 1 diabetes, formerly known as juvenile diabetes, is most often diagnosed during childhood, but may occasionally be diagnosed in adults as well. In type 1 diabetes, the body does not produce insulin, as a faulty immune system destroys the cells that make insulin. Out of all cases of diabetes, only around 5 to 10 percent of them are type 1 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes is by far the most common kind of diabetes today. This condition occurs in people of all ages, but is much more common in middle age and beyond. Type 2 diabetes typically starts when the body develops an insulin resistance. This means that the body produces insulin, but the insulin can't do its job properly.
The treatment for diabetes depends on the type of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is typically controlled with insulin injections that will replace the insulin the body is failing to produce. With type 2 diabetes, the treatment will depend on the individual. In some cases, type 2 diabetes can be treated with lifestyle changes. This includes a healthy diet, weight loss, and a consistent exercise program. In some cases, type 2 diabetes patients also need oral medication or regular insulin injections
The risk factors for diabetes include age, as most people who are diagnosed are in middle age or later years of life. Other risk factors include excess weight or obesity, a lack of exercise, high blood pressure, and poor eating habits during pregnancy. People who have a history of diabetes in the family are more likely to develop the disease themselves. Patients who have any of these risk factors need to coordinate health care with their nurse practitioner to make sure that they stay as healthy as possible.